HTLV-1 Tax-Mediated Inhibition of FOXO3a Activity Is Critical for the Persistence of Terminally Differentiated CD4+ T Cells
Olagnier, D., Sze, A., Hadj, S.B., Chiang, C., Steel, C., Han, X., Routy, J.P., Lin, R., Hiscott, J., van Grevenynghe, J.
The mechanisms involved in the persistence of activated CD4+ T lymphocytes following primary human T leukemia/lymphoma virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infection remain unclear. Here, we demonstrate that the HTLV-1 Tax oncoprotein modulates phosphorylation and transcriptional activity of the FOXO3a transcription factor, via upstream activation of the AKT pathway. De novo HTLV-1 infection of CD4+ T cells or direct lentiviral-mediated introduction of Tax led to AKT activation and AKT-dependent inactivation of FOXO3a, via phosphorylation of residues Ser253 and Thr32. Inhibition of FOXO3a signalling led to the long-term survival of a population of highly activated, terminally differentiated CD4+Tax+CD27negCCR7neg T cells that maintained the capacity to disseminate infectious HTLV-1. CD4+ T cell persistence was reversed by chemical inhibition of AKT activity, lentiviral-mediated expression of a dominant-negative form of FOXO3a or by specific small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated silencing of FOXO3a. Overall this study provides new mechanistic insight into the strategies used by HTLV-1 to increase long-term maintenance of Tax+CD4+ T lymphocytes during the early stages of HTLV-1 pathogenesis.
Olagnier, D., Sze, A., Hadj, S.B., Chiang, C., Steel, C., Han, X., Routy, J.P., Lin, R., Hiscott, J., van Grevenynghe, J. "HTLV-1 Tax-Mediated Inhibition of FOXO3a Activity Is Critical for the Persistence of Terminally Differentiated CD4+ T Cells" PLoS Pathogens (2014): e1004575