Flow cytometer with mass spectrometer detection for massively multiplexed single-cell biomarker assay
Tanner, S.D., Bandura, D.R., Ornatsky, O. et al.
This paper describes the development and application of new metal-tagging reagents and a novel mass spectrometer (MS) detector for a flow cytometer that enables highly multiplexed measurement of many biomarkers in individual cells. A new class of tag-ging reagents, based on an acrylic polymer backbone that incorporates a reproducible num-ber of lanthanide elements, has been developed. When linked to antibodies that specifically recognize target proteins of interest, determination of the tag elements is diagnostic for the presence and quantification of the antigen. The use of enriched stable isotope tags provides the opportunity for multiparametric assay. The new instrument uses inductively coupled plasma (ICP) to vaporize, atomize, and ionize individual cells that have been probed using the metal-labeled antibodies. The elemental composition, specifically of the metal tags, is recorded simultaneously using a time-of-flight (TOF)-MS that has been specifically designed for high-speed analysis during the short transient corresponding to the individual cell event. The detector provides for well-resolved atomic fingerprints of many elemental and isotopic tags, with little overlap of neighboring signals (high abundance sensitivity) and wide dynamic range both for a single antigen and between antigens.
Tanner, S.D., Bandura, D.R., Ornatsky, O. et al. "Flow cytometer with mass spectrometer detection for massively multiplexed single-cell biomarker assay" Pure and Applied Chemistry (2008): 2,627–41