Enhanced neuronal regeneration in the CAST/Ei mouse strain is linked to expression of differentiation markers after injury
Lisi, V., Singh, B., Giroux, M. et al.
Peripheral nerve regeneration after injury requires a broad program of transcriptional changes. We investigated the basis for the enhanced nerve regenerative capacity of the CAST/Ei mouse strain relative to C57BL/6 mice. RNA sequencing of dorsal root ganglia (DRG) showed a CAST/Ei specific upregulation of Ascl1 after injury. Ascl1 overexpression in C57BL/6 mice DRG neurons enhanced their neurite outgrowth. Ascl1 is regulated by miR-7048-3p, which is down-regulated in CAST/Ei mice. Inhibition of miR-7048-3p enhances neurite outgrowth. Following injury, CAST/Ei neurons largely retained their mature neuronal profile as determined by single cell RNAseq, whereas the C57BL/6 neurons acquired an immature profile. These findings suggest that one facet of the enhanced regenerative phenotype is preservation of neuronal identity in response to injury.
Lisi, V., Singh, B., Giroux, M. et al. "Enhanced neuronal regeneration in the CAST/Ei mouse strain is linked to expression of differentiation markers after injury" Cell Reports (2017): 1,136-47