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Comparison of microRNA profiles between benign and malignant salivary gland tumors in tissue, blood and saliva samples: a prospective, case-control study

Cinpolat, O., Unal, Z.N., Ismi, O., Gorur, A., Unal, M.

INTRODUCTION:
Salivary gland tumors (SGTs) are rare head and neck malignancies consisting of a spectrum of tumors with different biological behaviors.
OBJECTIVE:
In this study we aimed to find out differential expression of microRNA profiles between benign and malignant SGTs.
METHODS:
We investigated the possible role of 95 microRNAs in 20 patients with salivary gland tumors in comparison with 17 patients without malignancy or salivary gland diseases. Sixteen of the tumors were benign (seven pleomorphic adenomas, nine Warthin tumors), four of them were malignant (two squamous cell carcinomas, one high grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma, one adenocarcinoma). Serum and saliva samples were collected from both patients and control group. Tissue samples of tumor masses were also collected from patient group.
RESULTS:
Among studied microRNAs miR-21, miR-23a, miR-27a, miR-223, miR-125b, miR-126, miR-146a, miR-30e were down regulated in the benign group compared to control group in the serum samples (p-values are 0.04, 0.00005, 0.00005, 0.0022, 0.031, 0.00008, 0.044, and 0.0007, respectively). When tissue samples were studied miR-21, miR-31, miR-199a-5p, miR-146b, miR-345 were up-regulated in the malignant group compared to benign group (p values are 0.006, 0.02, 0.013, 0.013, 0.041, respectively). miR-30e showed statistically significant up-regulation in malignant tumor group's plasma samples compared to benign group (p=0.034). There was no statistically significant difference in saliva samples between groups.
CONCLUSION:
Our results showed that different microRNAs may play a role in salivary tumor pathogenesis according to biological behavior. Although there was no difference in saliva samples between groups, according to tissue and serum samples miR-21 and 30e may have an important role, since they were down-regulated in benign tumors whereas up-regulated in malignant ones.

Citation

Cinpolat, O., Unal, Z.N., Ismi, O., Gorur, A., Unal, M. "Comparison of microRNA profiles between benign and malignant salivary gland tumors in tissue, blood and saliva samples: a prospective, case-control study" Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology (2017): 276–84